Lipoatrophy is associated with an increased risk of Hashimoto's thyroiditis and coeliac disease in female patients with type 1 diabetes. (Article, 2013) [Beloit College]
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Lipoatrophy is associated with an increased risk of Hashimoto's thyroiditis and coeliac disease in female patients with type 1 diabetes.

Lipoatrophy is associated with an increased risk of Hashimoto's thyroiditis and coeliac disease in female patients with type 1 diabetes.

Author: Burak Salgin Affiliation: Department of General Paediatrics, Neonatology and Paediatric Cardiology, University Children's Hospital Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany. burak@cantab.netThomas MeissnerPeter BeyerHolger HaberlandMartin BorkensteinAll authors
Edition/Format: Article Article : English
Publication:Hormone research in paediatrics, v79 n6 (2013): 368-72
  Peer-reviewed
Other Databases: WorldCatWorldCat
Summary:
Lipoatrophy (LA) is a rare, possibly under-recognised side effect of insulin treatment of unclear aetiology. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) who have LA and to explore the relationship between LA and other autoimmune diseases based on the hypothesis that additional autoimmune phenomena are more prevalent in T1D patients with LA. This was a  Read more...
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Details

Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: Burak Salgin Affiliation: Department of General Paediatrics, Neonatology and Paediatric Cardiology, University Children's Hospital Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf, Germany. burak@cantab.net; Thomas Meissner; Peter Beyer; Holger Haberland; Martin Borkenstein; Jörg Fussenegger; Ulrich Brand; Berthold P Hauffa; Andreas Hungele; Reinhard W Holl
ISSN:1663-2818
DOI: 10.1159/000351708
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 5534209793
Awards:

Abstract:

Lipoatrophy (LA) is a rare, possibly under-recognised side effect of insulin treatment of unclear aetiology. The aim of this study was to describe the characteristics of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D) who have LA and to explore the relationship between LA and other autoimmune diseases based on the hypothesis that additional autoimmune phenomena are more prevalent in T1D patients with LA. This was a cross-sectional observational study of T1D patients with LA in comparison to T1D patients without LA who are registered with the Diabetes Patienten-Verlaufsdokumentationssystem database of 241,650 patients in Germany and Austria. Hashimoto's thyroiditis and coeliac disease were more prevalent in patients with LA (p < 0.001 for both). LA was associated with an increased risk of Hashimoto's thyroiditis and coeliac disease in female patients [odds ratio (OR) 2.5, p = 0.003, and OR 3.1, p = 0.02, respectively]. This relationship persisted after adjustment for current age, duration of diabetes and calendar year of treatment (OR 2.7, p = 0.002, and OR 3.5, p = 0.01, respectively). These findings support the hypothesis that an immune complex-mediated inflammatory process may be important in the development of LA.
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